The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) and it’s relevant codes of practice provide the legislative framework for Police Officers and others charged with a duty to investigate criminal offences such as the Health and Safety Executive, other Central Government departments and Local Councils. The codes cover issues of evidence, arrest, detention, interviewing suspects, entry and search of premises, personal search and the taking of samples.
PACE attempts to strike a fair balance between the exercise of the powers by those in authority and the rights of members of the public.
PACE Codes of Practice
The PACE Codes of Practice are set out under eight different sections labelled A to H. Each deal with a different aspect of the police duties and some of the codes are relevant to other agencies mentioned above. The codes are as follows:
Police powers to stop and search persons and vehicles prior to arrest
Police powers to enter and search premises and seize property
Detention, treatment and questioning of suspects whether under arrest or not
D Identification Procedures
Audio recording of interviews with suspects
Visual recording with sound of Interviews with suspects
Statutory power of arrest by Police Officers
Detention etc. re the Terrorism Act 2000